4/10/15: In the garden this week

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Bloodroot (Sanguineum canadensis) in bloom in my garden in mid-April during a more favorable spring. Only about 6 inches tall, bloodroot is an important source of nectar for insects in early spring.

Do you remember when daffodils and forsythia used to bloom in mid-April and crab apples and lilacs bloomed reliably for Mother’s Day in mid-May? Perhaps I’m just showing my age, because when I was growing up, those were normal blooming times, whereas these days normal is about three weeks earlier. So you could think of this year as a normal, pre-climate change spring. Or you could just say, “I want it to be spring already!” like everyone else.

Today is dark and dreary, but less cold than it’s been, but the weekend is predicted to be warm and sunny. And once the weather warms up, the plants will react fast. So get out there this weekend and prepare your garden for spring:

direct sow seeds of early greens such as lettuce, spinach, arugula, mustard greens, and mesclun mix, plus peas and radishes. They’ll germinate and grow slowly at first, but with any luck you’ll have fresh salad greens in about 6 weeks. Sow a new crop every two weeks to ensure a continuous supply of spring greens until the weather heats up.

— buy seeds of other vegetables and start them indoors according to this schedule so the seedlings will be ready for spring planting. If you started cold-season crops indoors, set them out in the garden now. Wait until late May to set out tender crops such as tomatoes, peppers, squash, and eggplant.

clean up your perennial beds. Grab a handful of stalks hear the ground and gently bend them to break them off. Rake the detritus away and either compost it on site or, if you don’t have room for it, take it to your town’s compost center.

evaluate the winter’s damage on your property. Don’t remove dead wood or broken branches unless they pose hazards to people or property, because they might be supplying food or shelter to winter-weary creatures, but see what needs doing. Do any areas need new mulch? Will your evergreens need spring pruning to remove winter damage?

— it’s not too late to extend a garden bed or start a new one, and it’s always a great idea to eliminate some lawn: spread a 3-4 inch layer of cedar or hemlock bark mulch over the area now to kill the grass. You’ll be able to plant in late April or May.

monitor your garden for bird activity. Spring migrants are arriving and winter residents are very active at foraging and nest building. If you’re not seeing this, maybe your garden lacks winter food. There should still be perennial seeds, berries of less desirable plants, and leaf litter and dead wood for the birds to search for insects. If you’re not seeing birds, consider what you can do this season to attract them: for example, plant native perennials, stop pruning dead wood quite so aggressively, stop using pesticides.

order your perennials and woody plants now to get the best selection. (Most local nurseries sell only a very few native species, so I rely on mail order and on specialty nurseries that are up to four hours away.) If you wait until it’s time to plant, nurseries will be sold out of many species.

— follow a sustainable lawn care regimen: wait until Memorial Day to fertilize. If you reseed bare areas, be sure to water often. Better still, if you have a place where grass won’t grow, plant something that will, like shade-loving native perennials.

— last but not least, water last year’s plantings as needed. Any week in which we receive less than an inch of rain, water all woody plants installed last season. Perennials planted last spring should be well-established, but those planted in the fall need supplemental watering during dry spells throughout this entire growing season. How do you know when we’ve received an inch of rain? I use a highly sophisticated rain gauge–an old yogurt container placed on the ground among the plants.

Enjoy the weekend! It really is spring!

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The gorgeous flowers of serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) will bloom in late April this year, about three weeks later than usual.

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